Large buildings contain a great deal of concrete. Floors, walls and ceilings can all be made with this versatile substance. Keeping these buildings from sinking into the ground is important. Concrete, even a light mixture, is very heavy. One of the best ways to solve this type of construction problem...

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A complex of buildings is often interconnected with paths and walkways. This is no accident, and planning the landscape is an important factor in project design. Each path or walkway must look good and be useful. The question of garden beds or hedges is part of the design planning. Trees...

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Landscaping adds value to a building or complex. Trees and bushes create a feeling of space. Flowers add touches of color. Paths and walkways are a useful part of that beauty. They are functional, but they can be designed to invite people to walk upon them. Placing pavers in an...

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Whenever a large building project is designed, there are thousands of details to be considered. Each phase of construction must be outlined before decisions about materials are made. Materials used in the project will be affected by the desired look of the project once finished. Glass, steel and concrete are...

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Manufacturing concrete is a relatively simple process. Portland cement is mixed with water, sand and small stones. Water is used to ensure the cement will evenly coat the sand and stones as well as fill in the empty spaces between them. The amount of water added to the mixture determines the weight of the finished product. Adding as little water as possible makes the concrete light. Light concrete is desirable when hardness and durability are the most important factors. Heavier concrete takes more water. It is used when a job requires more detail work as the concrete is easier to mold. Heavy concrete is still considered durable, and its properties make it useful in many areas.